One of the saddest stories in rock & roll history surrounds the Tornados, an instrumental group from Britain. Although there were other groups with the same name (see listing for their surf-band American counterparts), this batch of Tornados were the creation of British producer Joe Meek.
Meek was England's first independent producer, being equal parts Thomas Edison, Phil Spector, and Ed Wood. An inveterate tinkerer, he designed his own compression units and microphone pre-amps, giving his productions their own distinct sound. Setting up a homemade studio in a three-story flat on Holloway Road in London, Meek pioneered such recording techniques as close miking of instruments, distortion, his aforementioned trademark compression, loud drums fortified by percussion from pocket combs, milk bottles, and stomping the floorboards himself. He put together the original Tornados in late 1961 as a studio session group, its original lineup consisting of Alan Caddy and George Bellamy on guitars, Roger LaVern on organ, Heinz Burt on bass, and Clem Cattini on drums. After one single flopped, Meek had the group do one of his compositions, an instrumental called "Telstar." Utilizing willful distortion, cheap tape echo, beeping satellite sound effects, a cheesy-sounding Clavioline (a two-octave keyboard powered by a battery), and massive amounts of tube compression, the resulting production sounded like nothing else at the time, or since. It became the first number one record on the American charts by a British rock group and ended up selling five million copies worldwide. It should have made Meek a millionaire and the Tornados a household name. But a French copyright infringement suit kept all royalties tied up for six years, and the Tornados were kept from touring the United States behind their international hit due to a contract employing them as a backup group to U.K. pretty boy Billy Fury. By the time the dust settled, the Tornados had gone hitless for several years, and so had Joe Meek. After numerous personnel changes, the original members scattered to various groups, Heinz Burt starting his own solo career and Cattini becoming a British session mainstay of producer Shel Talmy. The copyright infringement suit was ruled in Meek's favor six years later, a year after he had blown his face off with a hunting rifle after murdering his landlady, ending his life in his beloved but debt-ridden studio.
Telstar: The Complete Tornados
1. The Tornados - Love And Fury (2:40)
2. The Tornados - Popeye Twist (2:29)
3. The Tornados - Telstar (3:17)
4. The Tornados - Jungle Fever (2:16)
5. The Tornados - Globetrotter (2:41)
6. 06 Locomotion With Me
7. 07 Robot
8. Life On Venus
9. The Ice Cream Man
10. Theme From The Scales Of Justice
12. Hymn For Teenagers
13. Hot Pot
15. Monte Carlo
16. Blue, Blue, Blue Beat
18. Blackpool Rock
21. Early Bird
22. Stompin' Through The Rye
24. Aqua Marina
25. Pop-Art Goes Mozart
26. Too Much In Love To Her
27. Is That A Ship I Hear
28. Do You Come Here Often
The first British group to top the American charts, the Tornados are best remembered for their ethereal organ-dominated instumental "Telstar".
The band were London-based session musicians who were assembled by the legendary, maverick producer Joe Meek in 1961 as a deliberate challenge to The Shadows. They also worked as a backing-band for solo singers John Leyton, Don Charles and Michael Cox.
In 1962, while working as Billy Fury's backing group, they made their first recording "Love And Fury". That failed but the Meek-penned follow-up "Telstar" - inspired by watching the first live television pictures transmitted via the Telstar satellite - was an international hit. The record was the first by a British group to top the American charts and went on to sell five million copies worldwide.
Heinz Burt left for a solo career in 1963 but The Tornados carried on despite dwindling sales figures until '66, when the group disbanded and the members all returned to session work. ~ Bruce Eder, All Music Guide
The Tornados (in the U.S. they were credited as The Tornadoes) were an English instrumental group of the 1960s who acted as in-house backing group for many of record producer Joe Meek's productions.
The Tornados also enjoyed several chart hits in their own right, including the US Number One "Telstar" (named after the satellite and composed by Meek). It was the first US #1 by a British group. Since World War II only three British records had topped the US charts: "Auf Wiederseh'n Sweetheart" by Vera Lynn in 1952, "Stranger on the Shore" by Acker Bilk in May of 1962, and "He's Got the Whole World in His Hands" by Laurie London in 1958.
For a time the Tornados were considered serious rivals to The Shadows. Their single "Globetrotter" made it to number 5 in the UK Singles Chart but when bassist Heinz Burt left in 1963 for a solo career the group began to fall apart. By 1965 none of the original lineup remained. Later lineups were therefore credited as Tornados '65 and The New Tornados.
A scopitone film (an early form of music video) was made for their chart hit "Robot" featuring members of the group walking around woodland dressed in appropriate headgear with their guitars, flirting with various young women and being finally arrested by policemen after lighting a campfire.
After drummer and bandleader Clem Cattini left the Tornados in 1965 he became a successful session musician, playing on recording sessions for other artists, and was featured in Cliff Richard's backing bands. He holds the record for appearing the most times on UK #1 singles.
Rhythm guitarist George Bellamy is the father of Matthew Bellamy, frontman for British rock band Muse. The introduction in "Knights Of Cydonia" by Muse is very similar to that of "Telstar". In 1975 four of the five original members tried an unsuccessful comeback as the Original Tornados.
Alan Caddy - lead guitar (born February 2nd 1940, London)
George Bellamy - rhythm guitar (born October 8th 1941, Sunderland)
Roger Lavern - keyboards (born Roger Jackson, November 11th 1938, Kidderminster)
Heinz Burt - bass guitar (born July 24th 1942, Hargin, Germany, died 7th April 2000)
Clem Cattini - drums (born August 28th 1939, London)
Ray Randall: (www.rayrandall.co.uk) Bass guitar took over from Heinz, 1963-1965.
Stuart Taylor: Lead guitar (born 23 October 1944, in London — died 18 April 2005).
Tab Martin: Bass - (born Alan Raymond Brearley, 24 December 1944, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Northumbria).
Brian Gregg: Bass - (born 31 January 1939, London).
Dave Harvey: Bass
Jimmy O'Brien: keyboards
Norman Hale: Keyboards on "Love and Fury" (first line-up)
Tornados 65 (on "Early Bird" and "Stingray" singles)
Roger Warwick: Tenor saxophone
The New Tornados (1966 singles, The Saxons renamed plus David Watts (key))
John Davies, Robb Huxley, Pete Holder, David Watts, Roger Holder.
1. Tornados - Dreamin' On A Cloud (2:01)
2. Tornados - Red Roses And A Sky Of Blue (2:23)
3. Tornados - Earthy (1:59)
4. Tornados - Ridin' The Wind (2:58)
5. Tornados - Chasing Moonbeams (1:40)
6. Tornados - 06 - Theme From A Summer Place
7. Tornados - 07 - Swinging Beefeater
8. Tornados - 08 - The Breeze And I
9. Tornados - 09 - Ready Teddy
10. Tornados - 10 - My Babe
11. Tornados - Blue Moon Of Kentucky
12. Tornados -- Long Tall Sally
13. Tornados - 13 - All The Stars In The Sky
14. Tornados - 14 - Indian Brave
15. Tornados - 15 - Flycatcher
16. Tornados - 16 - Dreams Do Come True
17. Tornados - 17 - Lullaby For Giulia
18. Tornados - 18 - Costa Monger
19. Tornados - 19 - Lonely Paradise
20. Tornados - 20 - Chatanooga Choo Choo
21. Tornados - 21 - Rip It Up
22. Tornados - 22 - Alan's Tune
23. Tornados - 23 - Cootenanny
24. Tornados - 24 - Night Rider
25. Tornados - 25 - Life On Venus
26. Tornados - 26 - Telstar
27. Tornados - 27 - Red Rocket
Fifty-five Tornados tracks on two CDs may be 53 more than most casual listeners need, but this double-disc set justifies itself in the listening. To most Americans, and even most Britons, the Tornados were one-hit wonders, responsible for "Telstar" and not much else, but as this set shows, they did come up with some cool sounds and tunes under the guidance of producer/manager Joe Meek. "Robot" is nearly as pretty a tune as "Telstar" (it also charted in England at No. 17), and it sounds fresh, as something not nearly as widely heard for 36 years; "Life On Venus," the B-side, is a very close second, almost a "son of Telstar." "Ice Cream Man" was another British chart single, and offers the spectacle of Meek and the Tornados applying a Bo Diddley beat to their trademark sound. Other highlights include lots of television themes, both material for actual use on the air and the group's covers of such as material as "Stringray" and "Aqua Marina" from the sci-fi kids' show Stringray. The material extends right into 1964 and the band's attempts to compete in the area of vocal records, when it became clear that the public wasn't too interested in instrumental rock & roll anymore. The annotation includes a beautifully detailed essay by Chris Welch, with extensive interview material on drummer Clem Cattini (the longest-tenured member of the Tornados) and Cattini's recollections on each of the tracks here. In the end, there's more to the Tornados' sound and history than most of us knew, all revealed here.
Re Post 2011
"I hope for nothing, I fear nothing, I am free"