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"Pal Joey" Actress & Singer Vivienne Segal 1992 Westwood Village Cemetery


Vivienne Sonia Segal (April 19, 1897 – December 29, 1992) was an American actress and singer.[1]


Early years

Segal was born on April 19, 1897, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. She was the elder daughter of Jewish parents, Bernard Segal (a physician) and Paula (née Hahn) Segal, who encouraged Vivienne and her sister, Louise, to seek careers in show business.[2] Her obituary in The Guardian reported that her father "underwrote a local opera company in order to give her the chance to sing."[3]


Career

Segal's career began when she was 15 years old and began performing with the Philadelphia Operatic Society.[4] Her Broadway debut came in The Blue Paradise (1915),[5] a production that was underwritten by her father.[3] In 1924 and 1925, she was a member of the Ziegfeld Follies.[6] She was also a performer on the CBS Radio program Accordiana in 1934.[7]


Segal may be best remembered for creating the role of Vera Simpson in Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart's Pal Joey and introducing the song "Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered." Pal Joey opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre December 25, 1940, with a cast that included Gene Kelly and June Havoc.[8] She also starred as Morgan LeFay in the Rodgers and Hart revival of A Connecticut Yankee in 1942.[9] One of Lorenz Hart's last songs, "To Keep My Love Alive," was written specifically for her in this show.[3]


Since the 1940 Pal Joey production went unrecorded, a studio cast was assembled in 1950 to record the musical. In 2003, this recording was reissued on CD by Columbia Broadway Masterworks in a release featuring the full show's numbers plus two bonus tracks: Harold Lang singing "I Could Write a Book" (from the CBS TV show Shower of Stars) and Segal singing "Bewitched, Bothered and Bewildered" on the CBS Radio show Stage Struck, interviewed by Mike Wallace recalling Hart's promise to write her a show.[10] In 1952, she played in Pal Joey again, when it was revived on Broadway.[2]


Vivienne Segal retired from acting in 1966 following a guest appearance on Perry Mason as Pauline Thorsen in "The Case of the Tsarina's Tiara."

Marriages

Segal and actor Robert Ames eloped in 1923; they divorced in 1926.[2] In 1950, she married television executive Hubbell Robinson, Jr.[1] Both unions were childless.[11]


Death

Segal died in Beverly Hills, California of heart failure on December 29, 1992, aged 95.[1] Her ashes were scattered in the Rose Garden at Westwood Village Memorial Park Cemetery in Los Angeles.


Recognition

In 1952, Segal received a Donaldson Award in the Best Performance-Actress (Musical Division) category for her performance in the revival of Pal Joey.[12]

Musical theater

1915 The Blue Paradise
1917 My Lady's Glove
1917 Miss 1917
1918 Oh, Lady! Lady!!
1919 The Little Whopper
1921 A Dangerous Maid (as a replacement)
1922 The Yankee Princess
1923 Adrienne
1924 Ziegfeld Follies
1925 Ziegfeld Follies
1925 Florida Girl
1926 Castles in the Air
1926 The Desert Song
1928 The Three Musketeers


1931 The Chocolate Soldier


1938 I Married an Angel


1940 Pal Joey


1943 A Connecticut Yankee Broadway revival

1947 Music in My Heart
1950 Great to Be Alive!
1952 Pal Joey Broadway revival

Films

Year Title Role Notes

1929 Will You Remember? Short.


1930 Song of the West Virginia Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Lost film.


1930 Bride of the Regiment Countess Anna-Marie Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Lost film.


1930 Golden Dawn Dawn Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Survives in black and white.


1930 Viennese Nights Elsa Hofner Filmed in two-color Technicolor. Survives in color.

1933 Fifi Fifi Short.
1934 The Cat and the Fiddle Odette Filmed in black and white with Technicolor finale.
1934 Soup for Nuts Prima Donna Short.


References

1. William Grimes (December 30, 1992). "Vivienne Segal, 95, a Stage Star In Roles Sweet to Cynical, Is Dead". New York Times. Retrieved 2012-12-07. Vivienne Segal, a musical-comedy star who appeared on Broadway in 'The Desert Song,' 'No, No, Nanette,' and 'Pal Joey,' died yesterday in Los Angeles. She was 95 years old and lived in Beverly Hills. She died of heart failure, said Robert Sidney, a friend. ...
2. Stark, Bonnie Rothbart. "Vivienne Segal". Encyclopedia. Jewish Women's Archive. 
3. Harris, Dale (2 January 1993). "Unbothered and bewitching". The Guardian. England, London. p. 24. 
4. "Star Quits 'Goody' Types". The Los Angeles Times. California, Los Angeles. 2 January 1940. p. 20 - Part I. 
5. "Vivienne Segal". Internet Broadway Database. The Broadway League. Archived from the original on 19 December 2017. 
6. "Vivienne Segal". Masterworks Broadway. Archived from the original on 19 December 2017. 
7. Sies, Luther F. (2014). Encyclopedia of American Radio, 1920-1960, 2nd Edition, Volume 1. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-5149-4. P. 11.
8. "Playbill". Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. 
9. Suskin, Steven (1990). Opening Night on Broadway: A Critical Quotebook of the Golden Era of the Musical Theatre. New York: Schrimmer Books, pp. 154–157. ISBN 0-02-872625-1.
10. http://www.lorenzhart.org/disco_joey1950.htm
11. Grimes, William (30 December 1992). "Vivienne Segal, 95, a Stage Star In Roles Sweet to Cynical, Is Dead" – via NYTimes.com.
12 "The Winners of the 9th Annual Donaldson Awards 1951-1" (PDF). Billboard. June 21, 1952. p. 47. 


Sources

Sies, Luther F. Encyclopedia of American Radio: 1920-1960. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland, 2000. ISBN 0-7864-0452-3


"Laverne & Shirley" Actress & "Big" Director Penny Marshall 2018 Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills Cemetery

Carole Penny Marshall[1] (October 15, 1943 – December 17, 2018)[1] was an American actress, director, and producer. She came to notice in the 1970s for her role as Laverne DeFazio on the television sitcom Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983), receiving three nominations for the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Television Series Musical or Comedy for her portrayal.

Marshall made her directorial debut with Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) before directing Big (1988), which became the first film directed by a woman to gross more than $100 million at the U.S. box office. Her subsequent directing credits included Awakenings (1990), which was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, A League of Their Own (1992), Renaissance Man (1994), The Preacher's Wife (1996) and Riding in Cars with Boys (2001). She also produced Cinderella Man (2005) and Bewitched (2005), and directed episodes of the TV series According to Jim and United States of Tara.

Early life

Carole Penny Marshall was born in the Bronx, New York City, New York, on October 15, 1943, to Marjorie Irene (née Ward; 1908–1983), a tap dance teacher who ran the Marjorie Marshall Dance School, and Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli (1906–1999), later Anthony Wallace Marshall, a director of industrial films and later a producer.[2] She was the sister of actor/director/TV producer Garry Marshall and Ronny Hallin, a television producer. Her birth name, Carole, was selected because her mother's favorite actress was Carole Lombard. Her middle name was selected because her older sister Ronny, wanting a horse in the Bronx, was saving her pennies; her mother chose the middle name in an attempt to console her.[3]


PENNY AND GARY

Her father was of Italian descent, his family having come from Abruzzo,[4] and her mother was of German, English, and Scottish descent;[5][6][7] Marshall's father changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall before she was born.[8][9] Religion played no role in the Marshall children's lives. Garry was christened Episcopalian, Ronny was Lutheran, and Penny was confirmed in a Congregational Church, because "[Mother] sent us anyplace that had a hall where she could put on a recital. If she hadn't needed performance space, we wouldn't have bothered."[10]

She grew up at 3235 Grand Concourse, the Bronx, in a building which was also the childhood home of Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Calvin Klein, and Ralph Lauren.[11] She began her career as a tap dancer at age three, and later taught tap at her mother's dance school. She graduated from Walton High School, a public girls' high school in New York and then went to University of New Mexico for 2​1⁄2 years where she studied math and psychology. While at UNM, Marshall became pregnant with daughter Tracy Reiner (née Tracy Henry), and soon after married the father, Michael Henry, in 1963. The couple divorced three years later in 1966.[12] During this period, Marshall worked various jobs to support herself, including working as a choreographer for the Albuquerque Civic Light Opera Association.[13] In 1967,[14] she moved to Los Angeles to join her older brother Garry, a writer whose credits at the time included TV's The Dick Van Dyke Show (1961–1966).

Career

Laverne & Shirley

Marshall first appeared on a television commercial for Head and Shoulders beautifying shampoo. She was hired to play a girl with stringy, unattractive hair, and Farrah Fawcett was hired to play a girl with thick, bouncy hair. As the crew was lighting the set, Marshall's stand-in wore a placard that read "Homely Girl" and Fawcett's stand-in wore a placard that said "Pretty Girl." Fawcett, sensing Marshall's insecurity about her looks, crossed out "Homely" on the Marshall stand-in placard and wrote "Plain."[15] Marshall and Billie Hayes were the only actresses to audition for the role of Witchiepoo for H.R. Pufnstuf, produced by Sid and Marty Krofft. Marshall thought that she was not right for the part, and Hayes got the role.[16]

In 1968 Marshall accepted an offer from her brother to appear in a movie he had written and was producing, called How Sweet It Is (1968). She landed another small role in the film The Savage Seven (1968), as well as a guest appearance on the hit television series That Girl, starring Marlo Thomas.[17] Marshall was considered for the role of Gloria Bunker Stivic on All in the Family, but lost the part to Sally Struthers.[18]

In 1970, Garry Marshall became the executive producer of the television series The Odd Couple. The following year, Marshall was added to the permanent cast to play a secretary, Myrna, and held the role for four years. In Marshall's final appearance on The Odd Couple, her character married her boyfriend, Sheldn ("they left the "o" off the birth certificate," she explains), played by Rob Reiner, her real-life husband.[17] The episode included Marshall's real-life siblings, Garry and Ronny, as Myrna's brother and sister.[19]

While she was on The Odd Couple, Marshall played small roles in TV movies such as Evil Roy Slade (1972), starring John Astin and Mickey Rooney (and produced by brother Garry); The Crooked Hearts (1972) starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr., in which she played a waitress; The Couple Takes a Wife, starring Bill Bixby; and Wacky Zoo of Morgan City (1972). In 1974, James L. Brooks and Allan Burns cast Marshall as Janice Dreyfuss, sister-in-law to Paul Dreyfuss (played by actor Paul Sand) in the series Paul Sand in Friends and Lovers. It aired on CBS-TV Saturday nights beginning September 14, 1974. Despite good reviews and decent ratings, it was canceled mid-season. Brooks and Burns, along with studio head Grant Tinker, were so impressed with Marshall's comedic talent that the following season, they hired Marshall and actress Mary Kay Place to play Mary Richards' new neighbors (Paula and Sally Jo) on The Mary Tyler Moore Show.[20]

Garry Marshall, creator and then part-time writer for Happy Days, cast Marshall and Cindy Williams to guest appear on an episode of the show. The installment, titled "A Date with Fonzie,"[21] aired on November 11, 1975 and introduced the characters Laverne DeFazio and Shirley Feeney (played by Marshall and Williams, respectively). In that episode, Laverne and Shirley were a pair of wisecracking brewery workers who were dates for Fonzie (Henry Winkler) and Richie (Ron Howard). The pair were such a hit with the studio audience that Garry Marshall decided to co-create and star them in a successful spinoff, Laverne & Shirley (1976–1983).[22] The characters of Laverne and Shirley appeared in five more episodes of Happy Days. In 1982 at the beginning of Laverne & Shirley's eighth season, Williams left the show due to her pregnancy. Marshall continued with the show, but it was canceled after the season's final episode aired in May 1983.[23]

In 1983, while still filming Laverne & Shirley, Marshall guest starred on Taxi in a cameo appearance as herself. In the Taxi episode "Louie Moves Uptown,"[24] Marshall is turned down for residency in a new high-rise condominium in Manhattan. The Laverne & Shirley episode "Lost in Spacesuits"[25] is referred to in the scene.

Marshall lent her voice to Ms. Botz, a.k.a. Ms. Botzcowski, the "babysitter bandit," on the first produced episode of The Simpsons, making her the first official guest star to appear on the show, and played a cameo role as herself on the HBO series Entourage. She also made a cameo appearance alongside her brother Garry in the Disney Halloween-themed movie Hocus Pocus as husband and wife. She was reunited with her Laverne & Shirley co-star, Cindy Williams, on a November 2013 episode of Sam & Cat.[26][27][28]

Directing career

At the encouragement of her brother, Marshall became interested in directing.[29] While starring on Laverne and Shirley, she made her debut as a director and directed four episodes of that show[30] as well as other TV assignments. In 1979, she directed several episodes of the short-lived sitcom Working Stiffs, starring Michael Keaton and James Belushi. 

Marshall soon moved on to theatrical films, her first film being Jumpin' Jack Flash (1986) starring Whoopi Goldberg. She got this gig when the original director dropped out.[29] She also gave her daughter Tracy and her brother Garry roles in the film.[31]

Marshall directed several successful feature films from the mid-1980s onwards, including Big (1988) starring Tom Hanks (the first film directed by a woman to gross over US$100 million), Awakenings (1990) starring Robin Williams and Robert De Niro, A League of Their Own (1992) with Geena Davis, Tom Hanks, Madonna and Rosie O'Donnell, and The Preacher's Wife (1996) starring Denzel Washington and Whitney Houston. In 1991, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award.[32]

In 2010–2011, Marshall directed two episodes of the Showtime series United States of Tara. In 2013, Women in Film and Video presented her with the Women of Vision Award.[33] In 2014, Marshall announced she was developing a biopic on Effa Manley entitled Effa.[34]

Personal life

While at college, Marshall met Michael Henry, a football player, and left to marry him in 1963, aged 20;[35] they had one daughter named Tracy in 1964 (now Tracy Reiner). The marriage lasted three years.[14]

On April 10, 1971,[36] Marshall married actor/director Rob Reiner, who later adopted Tracy. Her marriage to Reiner ended in 1981; the couple had five grandchildren together.[37]

Marshall had a brief relationship with singer Art Garfunkel in the mid-1980s, and he credits her with helping him through his depression.[38]

Marshall had an abortion after getting pregnant in 1983. In 2010, it was reported that Marshall had been diagnosed with lung cancer that had metastasized to her brain, but two years later she was 'fine now.'[39] Following her recovery she published a memoir, My Mother Was Nuts.[17]

Death

Marshall died in Los Angeles on December 17, 2018, at the age of 75. According to her death certificate, the causes were cardiopulmonary failure, atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 1.[40][41][42]

Following Marshall's death, her former husband Rob Reiner,[43] broadcaster Dan Rather,[44] former co-stars Ron Howard and Cindy Williams,[45][46] and Major League Baseball[47] all paid tribute to her on Twitter.

Marshall is interred at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Hollywood Hills. The 'L' from her Laverne character is emblazoned at the bottom of her headstone.





Filmography

Film

As actress

Year Film Role Notes

1968 The Savage Seven Tina [48]

1968 How Sweet It Is! Tour Girl [48]

1970 The Grasshopper Plaster Caster [48]

1970 Where's Poppa? Courtroom Spectator Uncredited

1975 How Come Nobody's on Our Side? Theresa aka Capers[49]

1979 1941 Miss Fitzroy Uncredited[50]

1985 Movers & Shakers Reva Cameo[51]

1988 She's Having a Baby Herself Uncredited

1991 The Hard Way Angie [52]

1993 Hocus Pocus The Master's Wife Uncredited[53]

1995 Get Shorty Herself Cameo[54]

1998 The Emperor's New Clothes: An All-Star Illustrated Retelling of the Classic Fairy Tale The Imperial Lady-in-Waiting #2 Voice[55]

1999 Special Delivery

2000 High Fidelity Funeral Attendee Uncredited

2004 Stateside Lt. Chevetone Uncredited[50]

2005 Looking for Comedy in the Muslim World Herself Cameo[56]

2007 Everybody Wants to Be Italian Teresa the Florist [57]

2007 Alice Upside Down Mrs. Plotkin Direct-to-video film[58]

2007 Blonde Ambition Bolo Executive [54]

2011 New Year's Eve Herself (segment "Ahern Party")

2014 Going to America Herself – Famous Director

2015 Staten Island Summer Dolores

2015 Scooby-Doo! and Kiss: Rock and Roll Mystery The Elder Voice, Direct-to-video film[59]

2016 Mother's Day Narrator Voice[60]

As director

Year Title Notes

1986 Jumpin' Jack Flash [48]

1988 Big [48]

1990 Awakenings Also executive producer[48]

1992 A League of Their Own Also executive producer[48]

1994 Renaissance Man Also executive producer[48]

1996 The Preacher's Wife [48]

2001 Riding in Cars with Boys [48]

As producer

Year Title Notes

1993 Calendar Girl Executive producer[61]

1996 Getting Away with Murder Producer[62]

1998 With Friends Like These... Producer[63]

2003 Risk Producer

2005 Cinderella Man Producer[64]

                Bewitched Producer[64]

Television

As actress

Year Title Role Notes

1968–1969 That Girl Assistant Librarian / Joan Episodes: "Secret Ballot," "Fix My Screen & Bug Out"[48]

1969 My Friend Tony Janet Episode: "Computer Murder"

1969 Then Came Bronson Claire Episode: "The Runner"[65]

1970 Love, American Style Mary Agnes Episode: "Love and the Pick-Up" segment[48]

1970 Barefoot in the Park Episode: "In Sickness and in Health"

1970 The Wonderful World of Disney Mayor's Secretary Episodes: "The Wacky Zoo of Morgan City" (Parts 1 & 2)

1971 The Feminist and the Fuzz Liberation Lady Television film[66]

1971 Getting Together Mona Episode: "Those Oldies But Goodies Remind Me of You"[67]

1972–1974 The Odd Couple Myrna Turner 27 episodes[50]

1972 Evil Roy Slade Bank Teller Television film[68]

1972 The Super Janice Episode: "The Matchmaker"[69]

1972 The Bob Newhart Show Stewardess Episode: "Fly the Unfriendly Skies"[48]

1972 The Crooked Hearts Waitress Television film[69]

1972 The Couple Takes a Wife Paula Television film[69]

1973 Banacek Receptionist Episode: "The Greatest Collection of Them All"

1974–1975 Paul Sand in Friends and Lovers Janice Dreyfuss 14 episodes[48]

1974–1976 The Mary Tyler Moore Show Toni / Paula Kovacs Episodes: "I Was a Single for WJM," "Murray in Love," "Menage-a-Lou"[48]

1975 Let's Switch! Alice Wright Television film[70]

1975 Wives Connie Television film

1975 Chico and the Man Anita Cappuccino Episode: "Chico and the Van"[69]

1975 Saturday Night Live Herself Episode: "Rob Reiner"[50]

1975–1979 Happy Days Laverne DeFazio 5 episodes[48]

1976 Good Heavens Episode: "Take Me Out to the Ball Game"[71]

1976–1983 Laverne & Shirley Laverne DeFazio 178 episodes[48]

1977 Saturday Night Live Herself Episode: "Live from Mardi Gras"[50]

1977 Blansky's Beauties Laverne DeFazio Episode: "Nancy Remembers Laverne"[72]

1978 Mork & Mindy Laverne DeFazio Episode: "Pilot"[50]

1978 More Than Friends Matty Perlman Television film[69]

1979 Carol Burnett & Company Herself Episode #1.3[73]

1981–1982 Laverne & Shirley in the Army Laverne DeFazio Voice, 13 episodes[72]

1982 Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley/Fonz Hour Laverne DeFazio Voice, 8 episodes (Laverne & Shirley with the Fonz segment)[50]

1983 Taxi Herself Episode: "Louie Moves Uptown"[50]

1984 The New Show Various Characters Episode #1.4[74]

1984 Love Thy Neighbor Linda Wilson Television film[75]

1985 Challenge of a Lifetime Nora Schoonover Television film[76]

1990 The Simpsons Ms. Botz Voice, Episode: "Some Enchanted Evening"[50]

1993 The Odd Couple: Together Again Myrna Television film[65]

1996 Saturday Night Live Various Characters Episode: "Rosie O'Donnell/Whitney Houston"[50]

1998 Tracey Takes On... Herself Episode: "Hollywood"

1998 Nash Bridges Iris Heller Episode: "Skin Deep"

1999 Jackie's Back! Herself Cameo

2004 Frasier Celeste Voice, Episode: "Frasier-Liste"

2006 Campus Ladies Episode: "Webcam"[50]

2006 Bones Herself Episode: "The Woman at the Airport"[50]

2008 The Game Doris Fox Episode: "A Delectable Basket of Treats"[50]

2012 The Life & Times of Tim PR Executive Voice, Episode: "The Smug Chiropractor/Corporate Disaster"

2012 Portlandia Barbara Episode: "Feminist Book Store 10th Anniversary"[50]

2013 Sam & Cat Sylvia Burke Episode: "#SalmonCat"[26]

2014 Mulaney Tutti Episode: "Sweet Jane"[77]

2016 The Odd Couple Patty Dombrowski Episode: "Taffy Days," (final appearance)[64]

As director

Year Title Notes

1979 Working Stiffs 1 episode: "The Preview Presentation"

1979–1981 Laverne & Shirley 4 episodes: "Squiggy in Love," "The Duke of Squigman," "The Dating Game," "But Seriously, Folks"[48]

1987 The Tracey Ullman Show 1 episode

1993 A League of Their Own 1 episode: "Dottie's Back"[78]

2009 According to Jim 2 episodes: "The Yoga Bear," "Physical Therapy"[48]

2010–2011 United States of Tara 2 episodes: "Explosive Diorama," "Wheels"[48]

Awards

1979: Golden Globe Nominee—Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series—Musical or Comedy

1978: Golden Globe Nominee—Best Performance by an Actress in a Television Series—Musical or Comedy

1980: Golden Globe Nominee—Best Actress in a Television Series—Comedy or Musical Laverne & Shirley[79][80]

1988: Venice Film Festival Winner—Children and Cinema Award—Special Mention for Big (1988)

1990: Saturn Award Nominee—Best Director for film Big (1988) (Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films USA)

1992: American Comedy Awards Winner—Lifetime Creative Achievement Award[81]

1992: Hochi Film Awards Winner—Best Foreign Film for A League of Their Own

1994: New York Women in Film and Television Winner of Muse Award

1995: Flaiano International Prizes Winner—Career Award in Cinema

1997: Elle Women in Hollywood Awards Winner—Icon Award (shared with Meryl Streep, Jane Campion, and Laura Ziskin)

1998: Munich Film Festival Winner of High Hopes Award for With Friends Like These...

2000: Online Film & Television Association Winner—OFTA TV Hall of Fame[82]

2002: Cabourg Romantic Film Festival—Golden Swann Winner for film Riding in Cars with Boys (2001)[citation needed]

2004, Star on the Walk of Fame at 7021 Hollywood Blvd.[83]

2013: Society of Camera Operators Winner—Governor's Award[84]



References

1. Born Carole Penny Marshall in 1943, as per My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 10; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012

2. "Comedy On Tap – Garry Marshall Interview."

3. "A Penny for your Horsey?" Kentucky New Era. June 24, 1977. p. 10.

4. LaSalle, Mick (May 26, 2006). "This Jewish boy's life will make you laugh (and get a bit verklempt?)." The San Francisco Chronicle.

5. An Interview with the Cast of Keeping up with the Steins Archived April 18, 2007, at the Wayback Machine

6. Ancestry of Penny Marshall at Genealogy.com Archived July 14, 2007, at the Wayback Machine

7. "Penny Marshall." Articles.chicagotribune.com.

8. Peter Canavese. "Groucho Reviews: Interview: Garry Marshall—Keeping Up With the Steins—05/05/06." GrouchoReviews.

9. "...Anthony "Tony" Masciarelli", a handsome, athletic young man majoring in advertising at New York University ... To better his chances, he changed his last name from Masciarelli to Marshall and forevermore denied that he was both Italian and Catholic." My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 4; ISBN 978-0-547-89262-7. Copyright 2012.

10. My Mother Was Nuts, a Memoir, p. 18.

11. Abramowitz, Rachel (2000). Is That a Gun in Your Pocket? Women's Experience of Power in Hollywood. New York: Random House, ISBN 0-679-43754-1, p. 289

12. Kalogerakis, George (December 23, 1996). "Penny Marshall". People. 

13. Barnes, Mike (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, 'Laverne & Shirley' Star Turned Director, Dies at 75." The Hollywood Reporter. 

14. Abramowitz, p. 290

15. Abramowitz, pp. 290–91

16. Hurwitz, Matt (February 13, 2020). "The Craft of the Kroffts: Sid & Marty's Road to Hollywood's Walk of Fame." Variety. 

17. Gilbey, Ryan (December 19, 2018). "Penny Marshall obituary." The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. 

18. "Penny Marshall's Ex-Husband Rob Reiner Reacts To Death Of Former Wife." The Inquisitr. December 18, 2018. 

19. Leszczak, Bob (2014). The Odd Couple on Stage and Screen: A History with Cast and Crew Profiles and an Episode Guide. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 82–83, 207. ISBN 978-0-7864-7790-6.

20. "Penny Marshall's Most Memorable TV Roles, from Laverne & Shirley to Portlandia.. PEOPLE.com. 

21. ""Happy Days" A Date with Fonzie (TV Episode 1975)." IMDb.

22. "Laverne & Shirley (TV Series 1976–1983)." IMDb.

23. "'Laverne & Shirley' Star Cindy Williams Spills Show Secrets in New Tell-All."

24. ""Taxi" Louie Moves Uptown (TV Episode 1983)." IMDb.

25. ""Laverne & Shirley" Lost in Spacesuits (TV Episode 1982)." IMDb.

26. Bibel, Sara (June 26, 2013). "Penny Marshall and Cindy Williams to Reunite on Nickelodeon's 'Sam & Cat.'" TVbytheNumbers. 

27. "'Laverne & Shirley' stars reunite on Nick comedy." Yahoo.com. June 26, 2013.

28. "Laverne & Shirley Stars Penny Marshall, Cindy Williams To Reunite on Nickelodeon's Sam & Cat." Yahoo!TV. June 26, 2013.

29. "Penny Marshall—Director, Producer—Biography." Tribute.ca.

30. Abramowitz, p. 295

31. Mills, Nancy (October 28, 1986). "From the Archives: Penny Marshall on making the leap to directing with 'Jumpin' Jack Flash': 'I was scared stiff.'" Los Angeles Times. 

32. "Past Recipients: Crystal Award." Women in Film. Archived from the original on June 30, 2011. 

33. "Women of Vision Awards." Women in Film & Video. 

34. Yamato, Jen (December 11, 2014). "Penny Marshall Back To Baseball With Biographical picture Of First Female Hall Of Famer." 

35. "PENNY MARSHALL'S FAVORITE MISTAKE: GETTING PREGNANT AT 19." Newsweek. September 17, 2012.

36. California Marriage Index, 1960–1985, marriage of Carole P. Marshall and Robert Reiner, Los Angeles

37. Abramowitz, p. 291

38. "Artgarfunkel.com." Artgarfunkel.com. 

39. Gostin, Nicki (October 4, 2012). "Penny Marshall talks cancer, abortion, reconciling with 'Laverne & Shirley co-star in new memoir." Fox. 

40. "Death Certificate" (PDF). Tmz.vo.llnwd.net. 

41. Dennis McClellan (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, who played feisty Laverne in 'Laverne & Shirley' before directing movies, dies at 75." Los Angeles Times. 

42. "Penny Marshall's cause of death revealed." Fox News. December 31, 2018. 

43. Rob Reiner [@robreiner] (December 18, 2018). "I loved Penny. I grew up with her. She was born with a great gift" (Tweet). 

44. Dan Rather [@danrather] (December 18, 2018). "Mourning the loss of a funny, poignant, and original American voice" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

45. Press, The Associated (December 18, 2018). "Tom Hanks, Rob Reiner and More Stars Mourn Penny Marshall." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 

46. Cindy Williams [@Cindy_Williams1] (December 19, 2018). "I Love You, Partner" (Tweet) – via Twitter.

47. Major League Baseball [@mlb] (December 18, 2018). "We join the baseball community in mourning the passing of Penny Marshall, director of 'A League of Their Own" (Tweet). 

48. Dagan, Carmel (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, 'Laverne & Shirley' Star, Director, Dies at 75." Variety. 

49. "How Come Nobody's On Our Side?" www.shockcinemamagazine.com. 

50. "Penny Marshall | TV Guide." TVGuide.com. 

51. Maltin, L. (2014). Leonard Maltin's 2015 Movie Guide. Penguin Publishing Group. p. pt1612. ISBN 978-0-698-18361-2.

52. Frame by Frame II: A Filmography of the African American Image, 1978-1994. Frame by frame. Indiana University Press. 1997. p. 214. ISBN 978-0-253-21120-0. 

53. "Look Back on 'Hocus Pocus' Scene Starring Siblings Penny and Garry Marshall as Bickering Couple." PEOPLE.com. 

54. "Laverne and Shirley star Penny Marshall dies at 75." Stuff. 

55. "Audio Special: Celebrity Readings From 'The Emperor's New Clothes.'. archive.nytimes.com. 

56. Hoberman, J. (2012). Film After Film: (Or, What Became of 21st Century Cinema?). Verso. p. 124. ISBN 978-1-84467-751-1. 

57. The Hollywood Reporter. Hollywood Reporter. 2008. p. 4. 

58. "Alice Upside Down." The Hollywood Reporter. 

59. Milligan, Mercedes (April 20, 2015). "Scooby-Doo Meets KISS in 'Rock and Roll Mystery.'" Animation Magazine. 

60. Barker, Andrew; Barker, Andrew (April 28, 2016). "Film Review: 'Mother's Day.'" Variety. 

61. "Calendar Girl | TV Guide." TVGuide.com. 

62. "Getting Away With Murder | TV Guide." TVGuide.com. 

63. "With Friends Like These... | TV Guide." TVGuide.com. 

64. Grow, Kory (December 18, 2018). "Penny Marshall, Director and 'Laverne & Shirley' Actress, Dead at 75." Rolling Stone. 

65. Leszczak, Bob (2014). The Odd Couple on Stage and Screen: A History with Cast and Crew Profiles and an Episode Guide. p. 83.

66. Andrews, Travis M. (December 18, 2018). "Doing it her way: Penny Marshall broke barriers for women — but rejected the 'feminism' label."

67. "Penny Marshall, in pictures." CNN. December 18, 2018.

68. mwhite@impossiblefunky.com, Mike White. "Cashiers du Cinemart - Issue 11 - Evil Roy Slade." Cashiers du Cinemart Magazine.

69. Marshall, Penny (2012). My Mother was Nuts: A Memoir. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. pp. 103–109.

70. LLC, New York Media (April 22, 1985). New York Magazine. New York Media, LLC.

71. Leszczak, Bob (2012). Single Season Sitcoms, 1948-1979: A Complete Guide. McFarland. p. 59.

72. "Penny Marshall, 'Laverne & Shirley' star, director, dies at 75." celebrity.nine.com.au. 

73. "The Paley Center for Media." The Paley Center for Media. 

74. "SCTV Guide - After SCTV - The New Show." www.sctvguide.ca. 

75. Snauffer, Douglas (2015). The Show Must Go On: How the Deaths of Lead Actors Have Affected Television Series. McFarland. p. 10.

76. Corry, John (February 14, 1985). "'Challenge of a Lifetime,' with Penny Marshall." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 

77. Guide, T. V. "Penny Marshall and Lorraine Bracco to Play Lesbian Couple on Fox's Mulaney." Uticaod.

78. "A League of Their Own | TV Guide." TVGuide.com. 

79. "Penny Marshall." TV Guide. 

80. "Penny Marshall Awards." IMDb. 

81. "Billy Crystal Receives Two Comedy Awards." AP News. March 29, 1992. 

82. "Television Hall of Fame: Actors." Online Film & Television Association. 

83. "Penny Marshall." Hollywood Walk of Fame.

84. Fitz-Gerald, Sean; Fitz-Gerald, Sean (February 14, 2013). "Society of Camera Operators to honor Penny Marshall." Variety. 



"The Masquerader" Actress & "By Candlelight" Screenwriter Ruth Sinclair Cummings 1984 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Ruth Cummings (originally credited under her maiden name, Ruth Sinclair) was an American screenwriter and actress active from the 1910s through the 1930s. She was married to actor-director Irving Cummings in 1917, and they had a son, screenwriter Irving Cummings Jr.[1][2]

Biography

Ruth was born in Washington, D.C., to actor Henry Dupree Sinclair and his wife, Lillie Schreiner. She followed in her father's footsteps and took to the stage, performing in plays around the D.C. area and eventually winning parts on Broadway.[3]

She eventually began appearing in silent films in the 1910s, rising to leading lady status by the 1920s when she won the lead role in 1922's The Masquerader. After marrying Irving Cummings (who she had worked with on films like 1917's A Man's Law), she became Ruth Cummings and began writing titles at MGM.[4]

She worked at MGM for many years, writing titles, adding dialogue, adapting novels, and screenwriting. She once told a reporter that she got most of her ideas while drinking chocolate sodas.[5][6][7] 

She appears to have retired after 1935's The Perfect Tribute.

She remained married to Cummings until his death in 1959, and she died on December 6, 1984, in the city of Los Angeles, California, in the neighborhood of Woodland Hills.[8]

Ruth Sinclair Cummings is buried alongside her husband, Irving, at Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. 



Selected filmography

As writer:

The Perfect Tribute (1935) Screenwriter

By Candlelight (1933) Screenwriter

Never the Twain Shall Meet (1931) Additional Dialogue

Daybreak (1931) Adaptation

Redemption (1930) Titles

Our Modern Maidens (1929) Titles

The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1929) Screenwriter

Desert Nights (1929) Titles

Wild Orchids (1929) Titles

A Woman of Affairs (1928) Titles

Dream of Love (1928) Titles

The Masks of the Devil (1928) Titles

Beyond the Sierras (1928)  Titles

Our Dancing Daughters (1928) Titles

The Mysterious Lady (1928) Titles [9]

The Adventurer (1928) Titles

A Certain Young Man (1928) Titles

Wyoming (1928) Titles

Love (1927) Titles

In Old Kentucky (1927) Titles

Quality Street (1927) Titles

The Student Prince in Old Heidelberg (1927) Titles

Foreign Devils (1927) Titles

Annie Laurie (1927) Titles


California (1927) Titles

Lovers (1927) Titles

Altars of Desire (1927) Titles

La Bohème (1926) Titles

The Tower of Lies (1925) Titles

As actress:

A Dangerous Pastime (1922)

The Masquerader (1922)

Without Benefit of Clergy (1921)

The Heart Line (1921)

Some Bride (1919)

A Man's Law (1919)

The Girl with the Green Eyes (1916)[10]

Zaza (1915)[11]

References

1. "14 Sep 1932, 5 - The Billings Gazette at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

2. Photoplay: The Aristocrat of Motion Picture Magazines. Photoplay Magazine Publishing Company. 1917.

3. "26 Aug 1913, Page 8 - The Washington Times at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

4. "27 Oct 1917, Page 23 - The Ogden Standard at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

5. "15 May 1928, 34 - The San Francisco Examiner at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

6. "1 Dec 1927, 38 - Daily News at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

7. "26 Feb 1928, 137 - Daily News at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

8. Ellenberger, Allan R. (2001-05-01). Celebrities in Los Angeles Cemeteries: A Directory. McFarland. ISBN 9780786409839.

9. "4 Jan 1916, Page 3 - The Town Talk at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

10. "20 Apr 1913, Page 9 - The Washington Herald at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.

11. "4 Jan 1916, Page 3 - The Town Talk at Newspapers.com". Newspapers.com. Retrieved 2019-03-19.


"77 Sunset Strip" Director & Broadway Composer Mark Sandrich Jr. 1995 Westwood Village Cemetery

Mark Rex Sandrich Jr. ( January 2, 1928 - December 2, 1995) was a Director and an Assistant Director. He was born in Hollywood, the son of director Mark R. Sandrich and the older brother of director/producer Jay Sandrich.. He married actress Vanessa Brown and fathered two children: daughter Cathy Sandrich Gelfond (born in 1961) and son David Sandrich (born in 1964).

In addition to his film and television work, Mark Sandrich Jr. composed the Broadway musical Ben Franklin in Paris, which ran from October 27, 1964 to May 1, 1965) at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre in New York City.


Mark Sandrich Jr. died at the age of 67 and his ashes are interred in the Rose Garden at Westwood Village Cemetery in  Los Angeles, California.

IMDB Filmography

Director

1961 The Case of the Dangerous Robin (TV Series) (4 episodes)

    - The Fabulous Flopper (1961)

    - Baubles and Bullets (1961)

    - The Tunnel (1961)

    - Key Man (1961)

1960 U.S. Marshal (TV Series) (1 episode)

    - Murder, My Darling (1960)

1960 Hawaiian Eye (TV Series) (7 episodes)

    - The Kahuna Curtain (1960)

    - White Pigeon Ticket (1960)

    - Sea Fire (1960)

    - Dead Ringer (1960)

    - Typhoon (1960)

    - Kim Quixote (1960)

    - Birthday Boy (1960)

1959-1960 77 Sunset Strip (TV Series) (3 episodes)

    - The Negotiable Blonde (1960)

    - Thanks for Tomorrow (1959)

    - Abra-Cadaver (1959)

1959-1960 Lawman (TV Series) (3 episodes)

    - The Swamper (1960)

    - The Friend (1959)

    - The Conclave (1959)

1957-1959 Richard Diamond, Private Detective (TV Series) (6 episodes)

    - Design for Murder (1959)

    - Snow Queen (1958)

    - One Foot in the Grave (1958)

    - Chinese Honeymoon (1958)

    - Venus of Park Avenue (1957)

    - The Chess Player (1957)

1958-1959 M Squad (TV Series) (2 episodes)

    - The Baited Hook (1959)

    - Prescription for Murder (1958)

1959 Behind Closed Doors (TV Series) (1 episode)

    - The Vicec Story (1959)

1959 Zane Grey Theater (TV Series) (1 episode)

    - Welcome Home a Stranger (1959)

Producer 

Richard Diamond, Private Detective (TV Series) (producer - 13 episodes, 1958) (associate producer - 2 episodes, 1957)

    - Short Haul (1958) ... (producer)

    - Pension Plan (1958) ... (producer)

    - Juvenile Jacket (1958) ... (producer)

    - The George Dale Case (1958) ... (producer)

    - A Cup of Black Coffee (1958) ... (producer)

    - Rodeo (1958) ... (producer)

    - Chinese Honeymoon (1958) ... (producer)

    - The Ed Church Case (1958) ... (producer)

    - Arson (1958) ... (producer)

    - Double Jeopardy (1958) ... (producer)

    - The Payoff (1958) ... (producer)

    - The Dark Horse (1958) ... (producer)

    - The Space Society (1958) ... (producer)

    - Picture of Fear (1957) ... (associate producer)

    - Custody (1957) ... (associate producer)

Writer 

General Electric Theater (TV Series) (story - 1 episode, 1961) (teleplay - 1 episode, 1961)

    - Tippy-Top (1961) ... (story) / (teleplay)

Second Unit Director or Assistant Director (34 credits)

1982 Square Pegs (TV Series) (first assistant director - 1 episode)

    - A Simple Attachment (1982) ... (first assistant director)

1982 Quincy M.E. (TV Series) (first assistant director - 6 episodes, 1979 - 1980) (assistant director - 6 episodes, 1977) 

    - Honor Thy Elders (1980) ... (first assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - For the Benefit of My Patients (1979) ... (first assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Nowhere to Run (1979) ... (first assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Mode of Death (1979) ... (first assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Sweet Land of Liberty (1979) ... (first assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - By the Death of a Child (1979) ... (first assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - A Dead Man's Truth (1977) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Valleyview (1977) ... (assistant director)

    - An Unfriendly Radiance (1977) ... (assistant director)

    - The Hot Dog Murder (1977) ... (assistant director)

    - Hit and Run at Danny's (1977) ... (assistant director)

    - Visitors in Paradise (1977) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1979 Barnaby Jones (TV Series) (first assistant director - 1 episode)

    - Target for a Wedding (1979) ... (first assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1976-1978 Columbo (TV Series) (assistant director - 2 episodes)

    - Make Me a Perfect Murder (1978) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Fade in to Murder (1976) ... (assistant director)

1978 The Bionic Woman (TV Series) (assistant director - 1 episode)

    - Which One Is Jaime? (1978) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1977-1978 The Hardy Boys/Nancy Drew Mysteries (TV Series) (assistant director - 2 episodes)

    - The Lady on Thursday at Ten (1978) ... (assistant director)

    - Nancy Drew's Love Match (1977) ... (assistant director)

1977 McCloud (TV Series) (assistant director - 1 episode)

    - McCloud Meets Dracula (1977) ... (assistant director)

1976 McMillan & Wife (TV Series) (assistant director - 1 episode)

    - All Bets Off (1976) ... (assistant director)

1976 Good Heavens (TV Series) (assistant director - 2 episodes)

    - Funny Fellow (1976) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - The Big Break (1976) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1973-1975 Kojak (TV Series) (assistant director - 3 episodes)

    - No Immunity for Murder (1975) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - One for the Morgue (1973) ... (assistant director)

    - Web of Death (1973) ... (assistant director)

1975 The Family Nobody Wanted (TV Movie) (assistant director)

1974 Killdozer (TV Movie) (assistant director)

1974 Skyway to Death (TV Movie) (assistant director)

1973 The Mack (assistant director - uncredited)

1973 Starbird and Sweet William (assistant director)

1973 Walking Tall (second assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1972 The Other (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1971 The Gatling Gun (assistant director)

1970 The Courtship of Eddie's Father (TV Series) (assistant director - 2 episodes)

    - The Secret Box (1970) ... (assistant director)

    - The Promise (1970) ... (assistant director)

1970 The Bold Ones: The Lawyers (TV Series) (assistant director - 1 episode)

    - Point of Honor (1970) ... (assistant director)

1970 Mir hat es immer Spaß gemacht (assistant director)

1969 Room 222 (TV Series) (assistant director - 1 episode)

    - Richie's Story (1969) ... (assistant director)

1968-1969 Bewitched (TV Series) (assistant director - 11 episodes)

    - The Battle of Burning Oak (1969) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Weep No More My Willow (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Samantha Fights City Hall (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Is It Magic or Imagination? (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Samantha's French Pastry (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Mirror, Mirror, on the Wall (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - It's So Nice to Have a Spouse Around the House (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Darrin Gone! and Forgotten? (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Samantha on the Keyboard (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Samantha Goes South for a Spell (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Samantha's Wedding Present (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1966-1968 Batman (TV Series) (assistant director - 6 episodes)

    - The Joker's Flying Saucer (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Louie's Lethal Lilac Time (1968) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Give 'Em the Axe (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - The Ring of Wax (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Batman Stands Pat (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - The Thirteenth Hat (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1968 Run for Your Life (TV Series) (assistant director - 1 episode)

    - The Rape of Lucrece (1968) ... (assistant director)

1966-1967 I Spy (TV Series) (assistant director - 8 episodes)

    - Casanova from Canarsie (1967) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Night Train to Madrid (1967) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Child Out of Time (1967) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Tonia (1967) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Father Abraham (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Little Boy Lost (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - To Florence with Love: Part 2 (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - To Florence with Love: Part 1 (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1966 Mission: Impossible (TV Series) (assistant director - 1 episode)

    - The Short Tail Spy (1966) ... (assistant director)

1966 The Monkees (TV Series) (assistant director - 2 episodes)

    - The Spy Who Came in from the Cool (1966) ... (assistant director)

    - Monkee See, Monkee Die (1966) ... (assistant director)

1966 Gidget (TV Series) (assistant director - 5 episodes)

    - Independence: Gidget Style (1966) ... (assistant director)

    - Love and the Single Gidget (1966) ... (assistant director)

    - Ring-a-Ding-Dingbat (1966) ... (assistant director)

    - Operation Shaggy Dog (1966) ... (assistant director)

    - We Got Each Other (1966) ... (assistant director)

1966 The Wackiest Ship in the Army (TV Series) (assistant director - 2 episodes)

    - The Lamb Who Hunted Wolves: Part 2 (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - The Lamb Who Hunted Wolves: Part 1 (1966) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1956-1957 The Lone Ranger (TV Series) (assistant director - 9 episodes)

    - Mission for Tonto (1957) ... (assistant director)

    - Code of Honor (1957) ... (assistant director)

    - Christmas Story (1956) ... (assistant director)

    - The Twisted Track (1956) ... (assistant director)

    - Hot Spell in Panamint (1956) ... (assistant director)

    - Quicksand (1956) ... (assistant director)

    - The Cross of Santo Domingo (1956) ... (assistant director)

    - The Counterfeit Mask (1956) ... (assistant director)

    - The Wooden Rifle (1956) ... (assistant director)

1955-1956 Jungle Jim (TV Series) (assistant director - 2 episodes)

    - The Code of the Jungle (1956) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

    - Precious Cargo (1955) ... (assistant director - as Mark Sandrich)

1955 Kiss Me Deadly (assistant director - uncredited)

1955 Marty (assistant director - uncredited)

Soundtrack 

2018 The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel (TV Series) (writer - 1 episode)

    - Simone (2018) ... (writer: "You're In Paris")

1961 General Electric Theater (TV Series) (writer - 1 episode)

    - Tippy-Top (1961) ... (writer: "Tippy-Top," "What Do You Suppose?," "You Can't Run Away From A Problem," "Tippy And Me")

Production manager 

1980 The Aliens Are Coming (TV Movie) (production manager - as Mark Sandrich)



"Irma la Douce" Actor & Broadway Baritone Bruce Yarnell 1973 San Fernando Mission Cemetery

Bruce Yarnell (December 28, 1935 – November 30, 1973), was an actor known for Bonanza (1959), Outlaws (1961-1962), Irma la Douce (1963), and The Legend of Robin Hood (1968).

Yarnell was born in Los Angeles, California as Bruce Altomari Yarnell to Harold Earl Yarnell and Marie Frances Altomari. He was the brother of Lorene Yarnell Jansson and Richard Yarnell. He was a graduate of Hollywood High School. 

Baritone Yarnell debuted on Broadway in the musical "The Happiest Girl in the World." He appeared on stage as Curly in "Oklahoma!," Billy Bigelow in "Carousel," Petruchio in "Kiss Me Kate," and Frank Butler in a Broadway revival of "Annie Get Your Gun" starring Ethel Merman.

Once was a regular featured vocalist for the Earl Carroll's Theater nightclub on Sunset and Vine in L.A. He sang baritone roles at the San Francisco Opera from 1971 until his death.

On November 30, 1973, Bruce was at the controls of his small-craft private plane when it crashed into the Santa Monica Mountains shortly after taking off from LAX. He was on his way to perform at the San Francisco Opera Company. Both Bruce and two passengers, David and Teri Wirsching, were killed.

Bruce Yarnell was married first to Frances L. Chadwick (1957-1971) and then to singer and voice teacher Joan Patenaude (from 1972 until his death). His widow began the Bruce Yarnell Scholarship in his name, to award young baritones, and presides as one of the judges.

Bruce Yarnell is buried at San Fernando Mission Cemetery in Mission Hills, California. 




Filmography

Actor

 1968 The Road Hustlers Matt Reedy

 1968 The Legend of Robin Hood (TV Series) Little John

    - Episode dated 18 February 1968 (1968) ... Little John

 1967 Annie Get Your Gun (TV Movie) Frank Butler

 1966 Pistols 'n' Petticoats (TV Series) Corporal Evans

    - Pilot (1966) ... Corporal Evans

 1966 Good Old Days (TV Short) Slag

 1966 My Brother the Angel (TV Series) Ezra

    - Wash You Were Here (1966) ... Ezra

 1965 Hogan's Heroes (TV Series) Captain Jeb Winslow

    - Happiness Is a Warm Sergeant (1965) ... Captain Jeb Winslow

 1964-1965 Bonanza (TV Series) Muley Jones

    - Hound Dog (1965) ... Muley Jones

    - The Saga of Muley Jones (1964) ... Muley Jones

 1963 Irma la Douce Hippolyte

 1963 Wide Country (TV Series) Tom Kidwell

    - The Lucky Punch (1963) ... Tom Kidwell

 1961-1962 Outlaws (TV Series) Deputy Marshal Chalk Breeson / Deputy Chalk Breeson / Deputy Chuck Breeson

    - All in a Day's Work (1962) ... Deputy Marshal Chalk Breeson

    - Charge aka Outpost (1962) ... Deputy Chalk Breeson

    - Farewell Performance (1962) ... Deputy Marshal Chalk Breeson

    - Ride the Man Down (1962) ... Deputy Marshal Chalk Breeson

    - No More Horses (1962) ... Deputy Marshal Chalk Breeson

 Soundtrack

 2000 The Next Best Thing (performer: "They Say It's Wonderful")

 1964-1965 Bonanza (TV Series) (performer - 2 episodes)

    - Hound Dog (1965) ... (performer: "Hound Dog Song")

    - The Saga of Muley Jones (1964) ... (performer: "Wait For The Wagon" (1851), "Beautiful Dreamer," "Listen To the Mockingbird," "Sourwood Mountain," "Believe Me If All Those Endearing Young Charms")

 1963 Wide Country (TV Series) (performer - 1 episode)

    - The Lucky Punch (1963) ... (performer: "Aura Lee," "Wait for the Wagon")

 Self  

 1968 Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In (TV Series) Self

    - Douglas Fairbanks Jr., Walter Slezak, Don Adams, Noel Harrison (1968) ... Self (uncredited)

 1966 The Bell Telephone Hour (TV Series) Self - Singer

    - Christmas Through the Ages (1966) ... Self - Singer

 1966 The Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade (TV Movie) Self

 1962 The Tonight Show (TV Series) Self - Actor

    - Episode #1.87 (1962) ... Self - Actor

    - Episode #1.20 (1962) ... Self - Actor

 1962 The Tonight Show Starring Jack Parr (TV Series) Self

    - Episode #5.131 (1962) ... Self

 1962 Here's Hollywood (TV Series) Self

    - Episode #2.106 (1962) ... Self



"The Three Stooges" Comic Book Artist, Writer, Director, Producer Norman Albert Maurer 1986 Hillside Cemetery

Norman Albert Maurer (May 13, 1926 – November 23, 1986) was a comic book artist and writer, and a director and producer of films and television shows.

Comic books

Maurer's lifelong association with the Three Stooges began about the time of his marriage to Joan Howard, the daughter of the comedy team's Moe Howard on June 29, 1947. In 1949, he produced two Three Stooges comic book issues for Jubilee, based on the short films the team was making for Columbia Pictures. In 1953, Maurer created the first 3-D comics, Three-Dimension Comics featuring Mighty Mouse, with his brother, Leonard Maurer, and Joe Kubert

Two three-dimensional Stooge comics were also issued in 1953. He returned to the Stooges in comic form in 1972 with Gold Key Comics' The Little Stooges, which ran for seven issues over the next two years.

Films

Maurer was associate producer of Space Master X-7 (1958), in which his father-in-law, Moe, had a minor role, and is credited with the creation of the CineMagic process used in the 1960 film The Angry Red Planet.

Along with Moe, Maurer co-managed the Three Stooges after Columbia terminated their employment in 1957, and has credits in most of their later feature films. He produced The Three Stooges Scrapbook (1960), and wrote the screen stories and produced The Three Stooges Meet Hercules (1962), The Three Stooges in Orbit (1962), The Three Stooges Go Around the World in a Daze (1963) and The Outlaws Is Coming! (1965), the last two of which he also directed.

Maurer's son, Jeffrey Scott (Moe's grandson), can be seen in The Outlaws IS Coming!, credited as Jeffrey Alan, and The Three Stooges Go Around the World in a Daze in the role of Timmy, credited as Geoffrey A. Maurer. Maurer himself can also be seen on camera as a TV cameraman in The Three Stooges Scrapbook and as a camper in 1970's Kook's Tour, which he also directed. Kook's Tour was intended to be a comedy-travelogue television series featuring the Stooges, but Larry Fine suffered a stroke during production of the pilot episode and the series was cancelled; several years later, Maurer edited together a 50-minute version of Kook's Tour using available footage from the pilot and released it to the then-booming Super 8 home movie market.

Animation

Maurer was executive producer of the 39 live-action segments used to introduce and follow Cambria Studios' syndicated The New Three Stooges cartoons (1965–1966).

He later became associated with Hanna-Barbera, working as a writer on their The New Scooby-Doo Movies (1972), Speed Buggy (1973), The Scooby-Doo/Dynomutt Hour (1976), and season one of The Richie Rich Show. In 1977 he was working on the Hanna-Barbera cartoon "The All New Super Friends Hour," and he is credited as being the creator of the characters The Wonder Twins. He also created and was the executive producer of their 1978 series, The Three Robonic Stooges. Maurer's sons, Jeffrey Scott and Michael Maurer also have prolific careers as TV cartoon writers.

Death

Busy until the end, Maurer died of cancer on November 23, 1986, in Los Angeles. His entombment was at Hillside Memorial Park Cemetery.


References

1. "United States Social Security Death Index," index, FamilySearch, Norman Maurer, November 1986.



Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Marlene Rasnick(January 2, 1944 - November 18, 2001) was an actress who specialized in improvisational theater and co-founded the Public Works Improvisational Theatre in 1973. 

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Rasnick was born in Los Angeles on January 2, 1944 and married Lee Boek in 1977.

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Her credits include Alien Force (1996) 

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

and Under the Skin (1997).

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Rasnick was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 1997 and became a spokeswoman for the medicinal use of marijuana. 

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery

Marlene Rasnick died on November 18, 2001 in Los Angeles of ovarian cancer.  She is buried at Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles, California. 

Improv Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever Cemetery


Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Earl Andrew Hamilton (July 19, 1891 – November 17, 1968) was a left-handed pitcher for the St. Louis Browns (1911–16, later in 1916–17), Detroit Tigers (1916), Pittsburgh Pirates (1918–23), and the Philadelphia Phillies (1924) of Major League Baseball (MLB). He pitched a no-hitter against Detroit on August 30, 1912, becoming the first player to pitch a no-hitter without recording a strikeout.[1] The Tigers did get a run on a Ty Cobb walk and an error, making the final score 5-1 Browns. Hamilton also batted left-handed and ended his career with an average pitcher's batting average of .153 in 733 at bats.

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Career overview

Born in Gibson City, Illinois, Hamilton played his first major league game on April 14, 1911. Through the early to mid-teens, Hamilton was considered a quality pitcher and was one of the better pitchers on some terrible Browns teams. In 1914, Hamilton had a very quality season, going 16-18 with a 2.50 ERA in 302 1/3 innings pitched.

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

After being purchased by Detroit in 1916, he was waived back to the Browns less than a month later. Then, in 1918, he finally left St. Louis for good after an 0-9 season, being purchased by Pittsburgh before the season began. That season, in 6 starts, he had one of the most amazing seasons ever recorded. Hamilton was 6-0 with a 0.83 ERA in 54 innings that year. He finished with 1 shutout in his 6 complete games. Hamilton had only given up 7 runs (5 earned) in 6 games. 

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Oddly, he picked that season to enlist in the Navy. Hamilton returned for more fair seasons with the Pirates. Along with Wilbur Cooper, Whitey Glazner, and Babe Adams, he helped make up a good rotation for Pittsburgh, culminating with a second-place finish in 1921 (behind only the New York Giants, 4 games). However, they never made the World Series with Hamilton.

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Before he retired in 1924, Hamilton was selected off waivers by the Phillies, and he went 0-1 with them, with a 10.50 ERA. Hamilton made sparse appearances on leaderboards throughout his career, such as a 9th-place finish in the ERA leaderboard (3.36, 1921) and tying for a 7th-place finish in wins in 1914, when he had 16. He also made the top 10 in losses three times (1914, 15, 21), and ended up finishing only two years of his career with a winning record; his 6-0 season of 1918 and 1922 (11-7).

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Hamilton pitched 16 shutout innings on July 16, 1920 with the Pirates, before losing 7-0 against the New York Giants, clearly having run out of gas in the 17th.[1] Rube Benton was the Giants' pitcher, also going 16 shutout innings. In 14 years, he was 115-147 with a solid 3.16 ERA in 410 games (261 starts). He pitched 140 complete games, 16 of them shutouts. Hamilton recorded 790 career strikeouts and allowed 1075 runs (822 earned) in 2342 2/3 innings pitched.

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Earl Hamilton died in Anaheim, California, at the age of 77. He is interred at Melrose Abbey Cemetery in Anaheim, California. 

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

References

1. Jackson, Frank. "No Runs, No Hits, No Strikeouts". hardballtimes.com. 

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery

Sources

Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference

Baseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery


"The Cosby Show" Actor & Rapper Merlin Santana MURDERED in Crenshaw District 2002

Merlin Santana (March 14, 1976 – November 9, 2002) was an American actor and rapper. Santana was best known for his roles as Rudy Huxtable's boyfriend Stanley on The Cosby Show, Marcus Dixon on Getting By, Marcus Henry in Under One Roof and as high school student Romeo Santana on The WB sitcom The Steve Harvey Show.

Early life

Born in New York City to parents from the Dominican Republic, Santana's career in show business began with a push from his parents, who wanted to keep him off the tough streets of New York.[1] He began his career at the age of three as an advertising model for a fast food chain. His first screen appearance was as an extra in the Woody Allen film, The Purple Rose of Cairo.

Acting career

In 1991, Santana landed a recurring role on The Cosby Show as Stanley, the boyfriend of Rudy Huxtable and the rival of Rudy's friend Kenny (Deon Richmond). He was then cast as Marcus Dixon in the short-lived sitcom, Getting By, starring Cindy Williams and Telma Hopkins. Deon Richmond was cast as his brother Darren, due to their interaction on The Cosby Show.

In November 1994, Santana appeared on Sister, Sister as Joey, in which he falls in love with Tia and Tamera (Tia and Tamera Mowry) at Rocket Burger.

In 1995, Santana was cast as Marcus Henry in the short-lived CBS family drama Under One Roof, co-starring with James Earl Jones, Joe Morton and Vanessa Bell Calloway. Between 1996 and 1999, he played the role of Ohagi on Moesha.

In 1996, he landed the role of Romeo Santana on The Steve Harvey Show. In 2001, he played the role of Jermaine in the movie Flossin. 

In 2002, he appeared in the VH1 TV movie, Play'd: A Hip Hop Story with Toni Braxton. That same year, Santana had a role in the Eddie Murphy comedy Showtime. His last television acting role was on the UPN series, Half & Half, his last film role was a 2003 comedy film, The Blues with Deon Richmond.

Death

On November 9, 2002, Santana was shot in the head and killed as he and his best friend, former child actor Brandon Quintin Adams were in a car leaving another man's home in the Crenshaw District of Los Angeles. 

Damien Andre Gates fired the shot that entered through the trunk of the vehicle in which Santana was a passenger. The bullet penetrated the right-front passenger headrest and entered Santana's head, killing him instantly. Gates was convicted of the first-degree murder of Santana and the attempted murder of Adams and was sentenced to three consecutive life sentences plus 70 years in prison. Brandon Douglas Bynes received a 23-year sentence after pleading guilty to voluntary manslaughter and assault with a deadly weapon, even though none of the shots fired from his revolver entered the vehicle. An officer involved in the case testified that Monique King, reportedly Gates's girlfriend, who was age 15 at the time of Santana's death, falsely claimed that Santana made sexual advances towards her, which prompted Gates's and Bynes's attack. King was found guilty of second-degree murder and attempted murder[2] but acquitted on two murder charges, receiving ten years in juvenile custody.[3] Santana was 26 years old at the time of his death. He was buried on November 18, 2002, at Saint Raymond's Cemetery in The Bronx, New York.

Find A Grave link to Merlin Santana Page


LAPD News Release

Thursday, November 21, 2002

Robbery Homicide Detectives Solve Actors Murder

Los Angeles: On Saturday, November 9, 2002 at approximately 2:39 A.M., two Los Angeles Police Officers were flagged down by a male motorist at Crenshaw Boulevard and Exposition Boulevard. The male reported that a passenger in his vehicle had been shot. The officers observed that a male passenger was seated in the passenger seat and apparently suffering from a gunshot wound. Los Angeles Fire Department paramedics were summoned and pronounced the death of the victim. The subsequent investigation revealed that the vehicle’s driver and the victim were seated in a vehicle in the 3800 block of Victoria Avenue when the victim was shot by unknown(s) suspects. The driver of the vehicle drove to Crenshaw Boulevard and Exposition Boulevard where he summoned assistance. The motive for the incident was not determined. The victim was identified as Merlin Santana, age 26. The driver of the vehicle was not injured. Robbery-Homicide Division, Homicide Special Section I personnel responded to the scene and initiated an extensive investigation. The subsequent efforts to identify, locate and arrest the responsible suspects included the participation of Robbery-Homicide Division and Special Investigation Section Detectives and personnel of the United States Marshalls Service Los Angeles Regional Task Force.

UPDATE

On November 11, two females, one age 15 and one age 14, who were present in a vehicle during the murder of Mr. Santana, were placed under arrest by Robbery-Homicide Division Detectives. On Thursday, November 21, a search warrant was served at a residence in the 3700 Block of 4 Avenue in Los Angeles. Two additional suspects were arrested for the murder of Mr. Santana. It has been determined that both suspects were armed with firearms during the murder of Mr. Santana. The suspects have been identified as Damien Andre Gates, Age 20, a resident of Los Angeles, and Brandon Douglas Bynes, age 23, a resident of Los Angeles.

This media advisory was prepared by Lieutenant Clay Farrell, Robbery-Homicide Division.

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes

1991 Major Dad Marvin 2 episodes

1991 Law & Order Roneld Griggs Episode: "Mushrooms"

1991 The Cabinet of Dr. Ramirez Newsboy

1991–1992 The Cosby Show Stanley 7 episodes

1992 In the Line of Duty: Street War Mikie TV movie

1993–1994 Getting By Marcus Dixon 31 episodes

1994 Sister, Sister Joey Episode: "Joey's Choice"

1995 Under One Roof Marcus Henry 6 episodes

1995 Street Gear Derick Davis 13 episodes

1995–1996 Hangin' with Mr. Cooper Calvin 2 episodes

1996 Harambee! Flex Television movie

1996–1999 Moesha Ohagi 4 episodes

1996–2002 The Steve Harvey Show Romeo Santana 122 episodes

1997 NYPD Blue Warren Episode: "A Draining Experience"

2001 Flossin Jermaine

2002 Showtime Hector

2002 JAG Seaman Aubrey McBride Episode: "Port Chicago"

2002 Play'd: A Hip Hop Story Mayhem TV movie

2002 Half & Half Dante Aldente Episode: "The Big Pimpin' Episode"

2003 The Blues Goya Direct-to-video release, (final film role)

References

1. Josephs, Tasheka (2006-11-09). "Remembering Merlin Santana On His 4-Year Death Anniversary." vibe.com. Archived from the original on 2009-08-25. 

2. Blankstein, Andrew (March 17, 2004). "Teenage Girl Convicted for Role in Actor's Killing." Los Angeles Times. 

3. "Three Sentenced in Shooting Death of TV Actor Merlin Santana." Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. 105 (19): 18. 2004-05-10. ISSN 0021-5996.



"Caesar Salad" Inventor & Restaurateur Cesare Cardini 1956 Inglewood Park Cemetery

Cesare Cardini (also known as Caesar Cardini, February 24, 1896 – November 3, 1956) was an Italian restaurateur, chef, and hotel owner who, along with his brother Alex Cardini (November 23, 1899 – December 22, 1974), is credited with creating the Caesar salad[1] at his restaurant, Caesar's.

Biography

Caesar Cardini was born as Cesare Cardini in Baveno, a commune on the shore of Lago Maggiore, and had seven siblings: Bonifacio, Annibale, Nereo, Alessandro, Carlotta, Gaudenzio and Maria. While the sisters, Bonifacio, and Annibale stayed in Italy, the other three brothers emigrated to America; Nereo opened a small hotel near the casino in Santa Cruz, California;[2] Alessandro and Gaudenzio eventually were in the restaurant business in Mexico City. Alessandro, who was called Alex in the US, is reported to have been Caesar's partner in Tijuana, Mexico. Cesare sailed as a steerage passenger on board the RMS Olympic which arrived at the Port of New York on May 1, 1913. After inspection at Ellis Island, he boarded a train bound for Montreal.


ALEX and CAESAR

He eventually returned to Italy but, after having worked in European gastronomy, Caesar went again to the United States in 1919.[3] With partner William Brown, he ran Brown's Restaurant in Sacramento,[4] then he moved to San Diego. At that time he established the first of several restaurants in Tijuana, where he could avoid the restrictions of prohibition. He married musician Camille D. Stump on August 27, 1924 in Santa Ana, California. The couple had one daughter, Rosa Maria Cardini (1928–2003).[5]

Cardini is credited with having created "Caesar's salad,"[6] which became fashionable among Hollywood and other celebrities, especially after he had moved his restaurant a few blocks to the hotel, which was built around 1929 (nowadays called Hotel Caesar's).

After the repeal of the Volstead Act and the Mexican government's ban on gambling, business from tourism to Tijuana drastically fell off.[7] Cardini quit his Mexican businesses in 1936[8] and moved back to San Diego to establish the Caesar Cardini Cafe.[9] For several years, he operated Tavern Hacienda in San Diego, the Beacon Inn in Cardiff-by-the-Sea and his own Caesar Cardini Villa in Chula Vista.

The family moved to Los Angeles about 1938[1] and Cardini focused on the production and marketing of his salad dressing which he trademarked in 1948. 

Cesare Cardini died in Good Samaritan Hospital on November 3, 1956 in Los Angeles following a stroke at his home at 8738 Bonner Drive. 

Cesare Cardini was buried in Inglewood Park Cemetery.[10][11] His daughter took control of Caesar Cardini Foods Inc.[12] Later, the Cardini's brand was sold, and is now owned by the T. Marzetti specialty salad dressing company. It is still popular and offers more than a dozen varieties of the original recipe.[13]


Legacy

In Tijuana, Caesar's Restaurant and Bar on Avenida Revolución,[14] now under Baja Med celebrity chef Javier Plascencia, serves the "original Caesar's salad."[15]

References

1. "Cesar Cardini, Creator of Salad, Dies at 60." Los Angeles Times. November 5, 1956. Since 1935 he had lived in Los Angeles and was active in the marketing of the salad dressing he concocted. Accessed 2007-07-21.

2. "Nereo F. Cardini goes to Tijuana." Santa Cruz Sentinel (Santa Cruz, California) 22 Sep 1935, pg 8.

3. Washington, Passenger and Crew Lists, 1882-1961

4. Advertisement, Sacramento Union, December 13, 1919, pg 2.

5. "Rosa Cardini". The Daily Telegraph. September 21, 2003. Rosa Cardini, who has died in California aged 75, turned the salad dressing created by her father, Caesar, into a staple of modern dining and a million-dollar business.

6. According to his daughter, when interviewed in mid-1970s and in 1987, this was on July 4, 1924, but there may be quite some doubt regarding verifiable data. Cardini was as much a smart businessman as a great showmaster, and why should his only daughter and heiress have diminished his fame? On controversies, see Caesar salad

7. San Diego Union, July 22, 1935; July 23, 1935; June 19, 1936. La Prensa, July 27, 1935.

8. San Diego Union, July 1, 1936. Los Angeles Times, July 2, 1936.

9. "Cafe Operator Remodels Downtown Corner." San Diego Evening Tribune, September 16, 1936. Grand opening display ad, San Diego Union, September 18, 1936. See also "Caesar Cardini Cafe." Classic San Diego: tasty bites from the history of San Diego. Web.

10. "Caesar Cardini Funeral." Los Angeles Times. November 7, 1956. 

11. See details and a picture of his gravestone at Findagrave

12. "At the age of 10, Rosa helped to bottle her father's famous recipe, which the family sold from their station wagon at Los Angeles' Farmers Market after moving from San Diego." (From a 1987 interview with Rosa Cardini)

13. See Cardini's Salad Dressings Product Info [1] product details.

14. Tijuana tourism board: Restaurant Caesar's Palace Archived 2007-09-19 at the Wayback Machine, 8131 Revolucion Ave. [...]

15. http://www.caesarstijuana.com



    "Pal Joey" Actress & Singer Vivienne Segal 1992 Westwood Village Cemetery"Laverne & Shirley" Actress & "Big" Director Penny Marshall 2018 Forest Lawn Hollywood Hills Cemetery"The Masquerader" Actress & "By Candlelight" Screenwriter Ruth Sinclair Cummings 1984 Hollywood Forever Cemetery"77 Sunset Strip" Director & Broadway Composer Mark Sandrich Jr. 1995 Westwood Village Cemetery"Irma la Douce" Actor & Broadway Baritone Bruce Yarnell 1973 San Fernando Mission Cemetery"The Three Stooges" Comic Book Artist, Writer, Director, Producer Norman Albert Maurer 1986 Hillside CemeteryImprov Artist, Actress, & Medical Marijuana Advocate Marlene Rasnick 2001 Hollywood Forever CemeteryBaseball Pitcher Earl Andrew Hamilton 1968 Melrose Abbey Cemetery"The Cosby Show" Actor & Rapper Merlin Santana MURDERED in Crenshaw District 2002"Caesar Salad" Inventor & Restaurateur Cesare Cardini 1956 Inglewood Park Cemetery

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